Psilocybin is a psychedelic compound produced by more than 200 species of mushrooms. Many of these species include other psychoactive substances that act as hallucinogens. Three of the most common species include the following:
Psilocybe cubensis, also commonly known as the common large Psilocybe or golden cap. This mushroom has a cap that is typically reddish-brown, with a white to yellowish stem. It’s commonly found in humid, damp climates and grows on animal feces, such as that of grazing cattle.
Psilocybe semilanceata is another common mushroom, also known as the liberty cap. In general, P. semilanceata is often found in damp, grassy fields populated by grazing animals. It’s a small mushroom with a pointed cap that ranges in color from light yellow to brown.
Psilocybe baeocystis, also known as bottle cap or bluebell, is another that has a dark brown cap and, when fresh, has a yellowish or brownish stem. It is often found in fields and on rotting logs, mulch or peat.
Psilocybin is usually eaten (chewed) or brewed as a tea, after which the body rapidly converts it into psilocin. Psilocin can induce mind-altering effects similar, in some ways, to those produced by DMT, mescaline, and LSD. These can include euphoria, hallucinations, altered perceptions, a distorted perception of time, and spiritual experiences, as well as adverse reactions, such as nausea, anxiety, and panic attacks.
Psilocybin is classified by the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) as a Schedule I controlled substance. This classification means that it is not considered to have any legitimate medical purpose and has a high potential for abuse.
Chronic psilocybin abuse can result in an emotional addiction, also known as hallucinogen use disorder. This condition is characterized by problematic drug use that causes significant impairment in an individual’s life. Furthermore, the user will continue to abuse psilocybin despite the incurrence of adverse consequences.
Common signs and symptoms of substance abuse include the following:
- Using more of a substance than originally intended or for a longer period
- Spending a substantial amount of time obtaining, using, and recovering from substance abuse
- Experiencing strong cravings
- Using the substance even when it leads to neglect of personal obligations, social and interpersonal issues, or causes severe physical or psycho-emotional health problems
- Using the substance under risky circumstances, such as operating heavy machinery or a motor vehicle
- Losing interest in hobbies or activities once considered important or pleasurable due to the desire to abuse a substance instead
- Difficulty cutting back or discontinuing the use of the substance of choice
- Tolerance, or needing increasing amounts of the substance to achieve the desired effects
Effects of Psilocybin Abuse
The short-term effects of psilocybin mushrooms usually onset within 20-90 minutes of consumption and may include the following:
- Mixed-sensory experiences
- Altered time perception
- Spiritual experiences
- Detachment from reality
- Intense emotions
- Quickened breathing rate
- Excessive sweating
- Increased body temperature
- High blood pressure
- Heart palpitations
- Loss of appetite
- Dry mouth
- Sleep disturbances
- Blurred vision
- Poor coordination
According to NIDA (The National Institute on Drug Abuse), the potential for psilocybin mushrooms to result in long-term adverse effects is, currently, not fully understood. However, there is no question that when an individual is intoxicated by psilocybin, their logic and reasoning abilities can be compromised. Also, some people who use psilocybin may have an unpleasant or even terrifying experience, otherwise known as a “bad trip” and can have lasting adverse effects on the person using.
In rare instances, a user may develop hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD). This condition occurs in around 4% of those who use hallucinogens. Those with this disorder experience “flashbacks” or a re-experiencing of psilocybin intoxication despite having abstained from use for an extended period.
Individuals who take psilocybin may also be more prone to injury or death as a result of impaired judgment and accidents. Mushroom users are also at an increased risk of poisoning and death from unintentionally consuming a misidentified mushroom that is toxic.
Get Help for Addiction Now
Unlike many other intoxicating substances, the long-term use of psilocybin has not been shown in research to result in chemical dependence or withdrawal symptoms. However, psychoactive substances such as these have the potential to be habit-forming, emotionally addictive, and tolerance can develop, leading to more drug use.
Just Believe Detox and Just Believe Recovery centers offer comprehensive, clinically-proven treatments that address the underlying reasons why people choose to abuse substances of any kind. We believe that each individual, regardless of their past, has the right to receive the most effective treatment available.
Are you or a loved one struggling with drug or alcohol addiction? If so, we are here to help, and we urge you to contact us today. Our caring, highly skilled staff are dedicated to helping those we treat need break free from the chains of addiction once and for all and begin to experience the long-lasting wellness that they deserve!