Adderall is a prescription central nervous system (CNS) stimulant commonly used to treat symptoms of ADD/ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) such as distractibility and an inability to focus. Adderall and Adderall XR are classified as Schedule II controlled substances because they are considered to have a high potential for abuse. Adderall contains two medications, amphetamine and dextroamphetamine.
Adderall is a substance that is commonly abused, sometimes by taking too much, buying it illicitly, or using another person’s prescription. When a person abuses Adderall, they can feel euphoric, have incredibly high energy, and experience increased self-confidence.
However, like any other intoxicating substance, Adderall, when abused, can be risky. Adverse effects of Adderall overuse include high blood pressure, insomnia, and irregular heart rate. Also, these effects tend to intensify over time.
Adderall Is a Controlled Substance
In 1970, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) began enforcing the Controlled Substances Act. Medications fall under one of five classifications, also known as schedules, which indicate a drug’s potential for abuse and whether or not it can be used for legitimate medical purposes.
Schedule II controlled substances show high potential for abuse and should only be used as directed. While some narcotics (e.g., prescription painkillers) are also commonly categorized as Schedule II substances, Adderall is not considered a narcotic. Narcotics are opiates/opioids and depressants that work in the body to reduce pain.
However, both opioids and stimulants can impact dopamine receptors in the brain that are closely associated with substance abuse and addictive behaviors.
If a health provider has decided to prescribe Adderall to a patient, it is essential that the individual take Adderall only as it is directed. Because stimulant medications like Adderall are highly regulated, persons are only able to fill their prescription every 30 days, and a doctor will have to authorize the refill.
These regulations are in place to keep people from taking excessive amounts of their prescription since a person should not normally run out of their medication prior to the next refill. Some health providers require a urine sample to ensure patients take their medication daily and as prescribed.
It is essential to communicate with a health provider if there is concern regarding the addictive potential of Adderall and other ADD/ADHD drugs. A doctor can tell patients what signs and effects to look for, and if there is still a concern, he or she may prescribe you an alternative medication, if prudent.
As noted, Adderall helps people with ADD/ADHD by increasing focus, alertness, and, in some instances, calmness.
The following is a list of several of the side effects an individual using Adderall may experience. These symptoms may be more severe for those who are abusing Adderall:
- Dry mouth
- Vision problems
When an individual abuses Adderall, it certainly will increase the risk for adverse side effects, including overdose. The following are several symptoms that require immediate medical intervention:
- Pounding heartbeat
- Blurred vision
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
A person abusing Adderall to the degree that they have experienced an overdose should consult with a medical or addiction professional to determine if they require the help of a substance abuse treatment program.
Treatment for Adderall Abuse and Addiction
A few warning signs that a person is abusing Adderall include insomnia, weight loss, jitteriness, extreme energy followed by a comedown or crash, or if they keep running out of medication before the refill date.
The best way to prevent the adverse effects of Adderall abuse is to find a treatment program that offers medical detox, followed by inpatient or partial hospitalization treatment. These intensive treatment approaches allow for daily support and supervision, complemented by an individualized treatment plan.
Just Believe Detox and Just Believe Recovery offer professional rehab services that include a wide variety of evidence-based methodologies and activities intended to address substance abuse as well as other issues related to a person’s physical and emotional health and well-being. These include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Medical detox
- Behavioral therapy
- 12-step peer group support
- Individual and family counseling
- Dual diagnosis treatment
- Relapse prevention
- Addiction education
- Health and wellness education
- Mindfulness meditation
- Art and music therapy
- Aftercare planning
- Alumni events and activities